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The 50 States of Electric Vehicles 2021 Annual Review & Q4 2021 Update

Transportation Electrification Plans, Fast Charging Networks, & Underserved Communities in Focus During 2021

Raleigh, NC – (February 9, 2022) The N.C. Clean Energy Technology Center (NCCETC) released its 2021 annual review and Q4 2021 update edition of The 50 States of Electric Vehicles. The quarterly series provides insights on state regulatory and legislative discussions and actions on electric vehicles and charging infrastructure.

The report finds that, for the second year in a row, all 50 states and DC took actions related to electric vehicles and charging infrastructure during 2021 (see figure below). The greatest number of actions related to rebate programs, rate design, electric vehicle registration fees, and charging station deployment.

2021 State and Utility Action on Electric Vehicles

The report highlights ten of the top electric vehicle trends of 2021:

  • Utilities working to develop fast charging networks;
  • Dedicated support for low-income customers and underserved communities;
  • Utilities continue to file expansive transportation electrification plans;
  • Growing attention on medium- and heavy-duty vehicle electrification;
  • States and utilities using rebates to advance transportation electrification;
  • Consideration of demand charge alternatives based on load factor;
  • Growing use of the make-ready deployment model;
  • States setting zero-emission vehicle procurement targets;
  • Utilities developing managed charging programs; and
  • Policymakers addressing local barriers to charging infrastructure development.

 

“Policymakers continued showing strong interest in electric vehicles, introducing a large number of innovative bills to expand the market for electric vehicles,” observed Brian Lips, Senior Policy Project Manager at NCCETC. “Utilities, for their part, also demonstrated creativity in exploring ways they can participate in building out the necessary infrastructure to fuel the growing market.”

A total of 775 electric vehicle actions were taken during 2021, with activity increasing by 30% over 2020. The report notes the top ten states taking the greatest number or most impactful actions in 2021 were California, Connecticut, Illinois, New Mexico, Hawaii, New Jersey, Colorado, Massachusetts, Oregon, and Nevada.

“Many states looked beyond the electrification of personal transportation towards non-personal transport,” noted Rebekah de la Mora, Policy Analyst at NCCETC. “Policies regarding commercial fleets, government fleets, or medium- and heavy-duty vehicles cropped up, leading the way to a more holistic landscape for transportation electrification policy.”

In Q4 2021, 43 states and DC took some type of action on electric vehicles and charging infrastructure. A total of 414 actions were tracked in Q4.

View the 50 States of Electric Vehicles Q4 Quarterly Report and Annual Review Executive Summary

View and Purchase the 50 States of Electric Vehicles 2021 Q3 Update FULL Report

View other 50 States Reports – Solar, Grid Modernization and Electric Vehicles

ABOUT THE N.C. CLEAN ENERGY TECHNOLOGY CENTER

The N.C. Clean Energy Technology Center, as part of the College of Engineering at North Carolina State University, advances a sustainable energy economy by educating, demonstrating and providing support for clean energy technologies, practices and policies. It serves as a resource for innovative, sustainable energy technologies through technology demonstration, technical assistance, outreach and training. For more information about the  Center, visit: http://www.nccleantech.ncsu.edu. Twitter: @NCCleanTech

The 50 States of Electric Vehicles: Fleet Electrification, Fast Charging Networks, and Utility-Owned Residential Charging Programs in Focus During Q2 2021

Raleigh, NC – (August 4, 2021) The N.C. Clean Energy Technology Center (NCCETC) released its Q2 2021 edition of The 50 States of Electric Vehicles. The quarterly series provides insights on state regulatory and legislative discussions and actions on electric vehicles and charging infrastructure.

The report finds that 46 states and the District of Columbia took actions related to electric vehicles and charging infrastructure during Q2 2021 (see figure below), with the greatest number of actions relating to rebate programs, rate design for vehicle charging, and additional fees for electric vehicles. A total of 537 electric vehicle actions were taken during Q2 2021, with the most active states being Massachusetts, Minnesota, California, Illinois, New York, New Jersey, and Oregon.

Q2 2021 State and Utility Action on Electric Vehicles

The report discusses three trends in electric vehicle actions taken in Q2 2021: (1) utilities piloting utility-owned residential charging station programs, (2) policymakers and utilities taking steps to encourage fleet electrification, and (3) utilities working to grow fast charging networks.

“As regulators continue to consider the appropriate role for utilities in the deployment of transportation electrification infrastructure, many utilities are filing proposals to pilot programs involving utility-owned charging stations in homes and at businesses,” observed Autumn Proudlove, Senior Policy Program Director at NCCETC. “Other states, however, have more firmly committed to a make-ready approach, where utilities own only make-ready infrastructure and not charging stations themselves.”

2021 Proposed Legislation on Electric Vehicles (as of Mid-July 2021)

The report notes five of the top policy developments of the quarter:

  • Duke Energy filing its Make-Ready and Phase II Electrification of Transportation program proposals in North Carolina;
  • Arizona, Oregon, and South Carolina initiating transportation electrification investigations;
  • Colorado lawmakers enacting expansive transportation legislation;
  • Connecticut and Hawaii legislators adopting zero-emission vehicle procurement targets for state fleets; and
  • California regulators approving San Diego Gas & Electric’s Power Your Drive program extension.

“Following the actions taken this quarter, only nine states have not exempted EV charging station owners from regulation as public utilities in at least some configurations,” observed David Sarkisian, Senior Policy Project Manager at NCCETC. “Many states have moved on to other regulatory issues, such as determining the types of investments that electric utilities can make in charging infrastructure, and operating requirements and efficiency standards for charging equipment.”

View the 50 States of Electric Vehicles 2021 Q2 Update Executive Summary

View and Purchase the 50 States of Electric Vehicles 2021 Q2 Update FULL Report

View other 50 States Reports – Solar, Grid Modernization and Electric Vehicles

 

ABOUT THE N.C. CLEAN ENERGY TECHNOLOGY CENTER

The N.C. Clean Energy Technology Center, as part of the College of Engineering at North Carolina State University, advances a sustainable energy economy by educating, demonstrating and providing support for clean energy technologies, practices and policies. It serves as a resource for innovative, sustainable energy technologies through technology demonstration, technical assistance, outreach and training. For more information about the  Center, visit: http://www.nccleantech.ncsu.edu. Twitter: @NCCleanTech

The 50 States of Electric Vehicles Q3 2018 Report Released

Raleigh, NC – (November 7, 2018) The N.C. Clean Energy Technology Center (NCCETC) released its Q3 2018 edition of The 50 States of Electric Vehicles. The quarterly series provides insights on state regulatory and legislative discussions and actions on electric vehicles and charging infrastructure.

The report finds that 32 states and the District of Columbia took actions related to electric vehicles and charging infrastructure during Q3 2018 (see figure below), with the greatest number of actions relating to Level 2 charging station deployment, followed by electric vehicle rate tariffs, rebate programs, and DC fast charging station deployment.

The report notes three trends in electric vehicle activity apparent or emerging in Q3 2018: (1) utilities proposing demand charge alternatives for fast charging stations, (2) electric bus investment ramping up, along with vehicle-to-grid testing, and (3) utilities collecting data on electric vehicle charging patterns.

A total of 211 electric vehicle actions were taken during Q3 2018. New Jersey, California, New York, and Massachusetts took the greatest number of actions during the quarter, accounting for over half of the quarter’s activity.

Q3 2018 Legislative and Regulatory Action on Electric Vehicles

“States continue to anticipate more electric vehicles on the road as a growing number of medium and heavy duty models are announced,” noted Allison Carr, Clean Transportation Specialist at NCCETC. “We’re seeing states and utilities work to advance electrification of medium and heavy duty vehicles by offering incentives, building out charging infrastructure, and testing vehicle-to-grid capabilities.”

The report notes the top electric vehicle actions taken during the quarter were:

• The Missouri Court of Appeals reversing a Public Service Commission decision on charging station regulation;

• Pepco filing its Transportation Electrification Program proposal with the DC Public Service Commission;

• Massachusetts and Rhode Island regulators approving electric vehicle programs for National Grid;

• PSE&G New Jersey filing a $261 million electric vehicle program proposal; and

• California utilities filing proposals to deploy charging infrastructure at schools and state parks and beaches.

“Utilities are playing a significant role in accelerating the build-out of charging infrastructure,” observed Autumn Proudlove, Senior Manager of Policy Research at NCCETC. “In addition to directly deploying infrastructure, utilities are proposing demand charge alternatives to encourage development of fast charging stations and launching rebate programs to reduce upfront costs.”

View the 50 States of Electric Vehicles Q3 2018 Executive Summary

View and Purchase the 50 States of Electric Vehicles Q3 2018 FULL Report

View other 50 States Reports – Solar, Grid Modernization and Electric Vehicles

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